IT

December 2016

Origin of the French term "informatique" ("computer science or information technology" in English).

The word "informatique" is a neologism made by contraction of the words "information" and "automatique".

The French word "informatique" was created by Philippe Dreyfus, one-time director of the Bull Corporation's National Centre for Electronic Computing in the 1950s, who in 1962 coined the term when describing his company as a "Société d'Informatique Apliquée" SIA (in English: "Applied Information Technology Company") Where Philippe Dreyfus never trademarked the term (intentionally perhaps?), the French Academy adopted the term in 1967, as defining the "science of the rational processing, in particular by computers, of information considered as an aid to human knowledge and communication in technical, economic and social fields"

In July 1968, the term was used by a German minister, Mr. Stoltenberg, in it's German form "Informatik". The term spread rapidly throughout many European countries:

  • "informática" in Spain and Portugal,
  • "informatica" in Holland and Italy,
  • "informatikk" in Norway,
  • "informatika" in Hungary, Russia and Slovakia.

The Anglo-Saxons and North Americans prefer to use the term "computer science", but the term informatics is occasionally used in Great Britain.

The term IT technician is a generic term used to describe someone who's work primarily involves information technology.

Computer science and ICT

The term ICT; Information and Communication Technologies; often shortened to IT, is widely used in political, administrative, university and academic fields when referring to all information, telecommunication and audio visual technologies The term NICT; New Information and Communication Technologies; is used less and less frequently as information technologies become more widespread.

The term ICTE(Information and Communication Technologies for Education) is often used to refer to the use of information technologies in the field of education.

In North America the terms ICT(Information & Communication Technologies) often shortened to just IT (Information Technologies) are just as widely used, so much so, that even those working in the field are referred to as IT People.

Article written 14th May, 2004 by Jean-François Pillou.

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