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  • Wireless Metropolitan Area Networks

    Wireless Metropolitan Area Networks (WMAN) A Wireless Metropolitan Area Network (WMAN) is also known as a Wireless Local Loop (WLL). WMANs are based on the IEEE 802.16 standard. Wireless local loop can reach effective transfer speeds of 1 ... Read more

    Wireless
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • Motherboard

    Introduction to motherboards Characteristics Motherboard form factor Integrated components The chipset The CMOS ... Read more

    Computer
    November 12, 2012 at 12:49 PM
  • E-mail scams - Fund transfer scams

    Scams A "scam" is a fraudulent practice of African origin that involves extorting funds from internet users by enticing them with a sum of money and promising them a share of it. The use of scams originated in Nigeria, which has also given ... Read more

    Attacks
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • Computer screen or monitor

    Introduction to computer monitors A monitor (or screen) is a computer display unit. There are generally said to be two families of monitors: Cathode-ray tube monitors (or CRT for short), which are used with most desktop computers. They are ... Read more

    Computer
    November 1, 2012 at 04:17 PM
  • Network cards

    What is a network card? What is the role of a network card? Preparing data The role of the identifier Other ... Read more

    Computer
    November 7, 2012 at 08:19 AM
  • Front Office and Back Office

    Front Office/Back Office The terms Front Office and Back Office are generally used to describe the parts of the company (or of its information system) that are dedicated, respectively, to the direct relationship with the client and proper ... Read more

    e-Business
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • Hardware Interrupts (IRQ) and Conflicts

    The Concept of Interrupts DMA Base Addresses Hardware Conflicts IRQ Configuration Resolving Hardware Conflicts The Concept of Interrupts Because the processor cannot simultaneously process several pieces of information (it processes one ... Read more

    Computer
    October 29, 2013 at 04:33 PM
  • NAT- Network address translation, port forwarding and port trigg

    The principle of NAT Network address translation or NAT was developed in order to respond to the shortage of IP addresses with IPv4 protocol (in time the IPv6 protocol will respond to this problem). In fact, in IPv4 addressing the number ... Read more

    Internet (protocols)
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • CD, CD audio and CD-ROM

    The Compact Disc was invented by Sony and Philips in 1981 in order to serve as a high-quality compact audio storage device which allowed for direct access to digital sound tracks. It was officially launched in October 1982. In 1984, the ... Read more

    Computer
    October 7, 2012 at 02:35 PM
  • MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions)

    Introduction to MIME MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) is a standard which was proposed by Bell Communications in 1991 in order to expand upon the limited capabilities of email, and in particular to allow documents (such as ... Read more

    Email
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • Intranet and Extranet

    Intranet An intranet is a set of Internet services (for example a web server) inside a local network, i.e. only accessible from workstations of a local network, or rather a set of well-defined networks that are invisible (or inaccessible) ... Read more

    e-Business
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • MKV format (Matroska Video)

    MKV format The MKV format (Matroska Video) is an entirely free video format. More precisely, it is a container (hence the name Matroska, in reference to the Russian dolls contained within another) making it possible to contain video (DivX, ... Read more

    Video
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • Formatting - Formatting a hard drive

    Before trying to understand formatting, you first need to understand how a hard drive works. Many people do not distinguish low-level formatting (also called physical formatting) from high-level formatting (also called logical formatting). ... Read more

    Computer: maintenance
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • The Windows User Interface

    The Taskbar The Windows 9x user interface (9x refers to Windows 95 and Windows 98 together) is characterised by a bar at the bottom of your screen (it may be moved to another edge by left-mouse-clicking on it and dragging it to the desired ... Read more

    Windows
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • Data tampering attacks

    Most web application attacks involving soliciting a website with manually entered data to generate an unexpected context. Web application parameters The HTTP protocol, a communication protocol on the web, makes it possible to convey ... Read more

    Attacks
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • RTP/RTCP protocols

    Document written by Nico VanHaute, Julien Barascud and Jean-Roland Conca Introduction: What are RTP and RTCP? The spread of computers, added to the availability of cheap audio/video computer hardware, and the availability of higher ... Read more

    Internet (protocols)
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • Spreadsheets - Worksheets

    The Concept of a Worksheet Spreadsheets display data and formulas in a table form (lines and columns) called a worksheet. A worksheet is made of lines (numbered with numbers) and of columns (numbered with letters). The intersection of a ... Read more

    Spreadsheet
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • TCP session hijacking

    TCP session hijacking "TCP session hijacking" is a technique that involves intercepting a TCP session initiated between two machines in order to hijack it. In that the authentication check is performed only when opening the session, a ... Read more

    Attacks
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • Routing over the Internet

    Routers Routers are devices which make it possible to "choose" the path that datagrams will take to arrive at the destination. They are machines with several network interface cards each one of which is linked to a different network. So, ... Read more

    Internet (protocols)
    May 24, 2012 at 03:36 PM
  • Telnet protocol

    Introduction to the Telnet protocol The Telnet protocol is a standard internet protocol enabling terminals and applications to interface over the Internet. This protocol provides the basic rules making it possible to link a client (system ... Read more

    Internet (protocols)
    October 29, 2012 at 03:45 PM