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  • grpconv - grpconv.exe

    grpconv - grpconv.exe grpconv.exe (grpconv stands for Windows Program Group Converter) is a Windows NT/2000/XP generic process used for converting program groups from older versions of Windows. The process grpconv is not in any way a virus ... Read more

    Windows processes
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • Information systems governance (IT Governance)

    The Concept of Governance The term "Governance" specifies the ability of an organization to be able to control and regulate its own operation so as to avoid conflicts of interest related to the division between beneficiaries (shareholders) ... Read more

    Information System
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • ISP - Internet service providers

    What does ISP mean? ISP literally means Internet service provider or provider. It is a service (most of the time paid for) which allows you to connect to the Internet. Why use an ISP? Unless you have a specialized line (other than a ... Read more

    Internet Utilities
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions)

    Introduction to MIME MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) is a standard which was proposed by Bell Communications in 1991 in order to expand upon the limited capabilities of email, and in particular to allow documents (such as ... Read more

    Email
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • Data tampering attacks

    Most web application attacks involving soliciting a website with manually entered data to generate an unexpected context. Web application parameters The HTTP protocol, a communication protocol on the web, makes it possible to convey ... Read more

    Attacks
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • Error checking

    Error checking Binary encoding is very practical for use in electronic devices such as computers, in which information can be encoded based on whether an electrical signal is present or not. However, this electrical signal may suffer ... Read more

    Encoding
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • File sharing in Windows XP

    Advantages File sharing involves making the content of one or more directories available through the network. All Windows systems have standard devices making it easy to share the content of a directory. However, file sharing may lead to ... Read more

    Network configuration
    April 4, 2011 at 05:07 PM
  • IP Address

    What is an IP address? Computers communicate over the Internet using the IP protocol (Internet Protocol), which uses numerical addresses, called IP addresses, made up of four whole numbers (4 bytes) between 0 and 255 and written in the ... Read more

    Internet (protocols)
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • Creating an audio CD from an MP3

    What is an MP3 file An MP3 file is a compressed audio file, i.e., a file that takes up less disk space due to a compression algorithm, and which can be read by programs that execute decompression algorithms. Legality The MP3 format is not ... Read more

    Practical notes
    November 12, 2012 at 03:30 PM
  • zlclient - zlclient.exe

    zlclient - zlclient.exe zlclient.exe (zlclient stands for Zone Labs Client) is a process which corresponds to the firewall ZoneAlarm. It is an application which can safely be terminated. However, it is recommended that you not do so, in ... Read more

    Windows processes
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • Partition - Partitioning a hard drive

    What is a partition? The partitioning of a hard drive occurs after the drive has been physically formatted but before it is logically formatted. It involves creating areas on the disk where data will not be mixed. It can be used, for ... Read more

    Computer: maintenance
    April 28, 2009 at 06:04 AM
  • Hard drive

    The role of the hard drive Structure How it works Block mode 32-bit mode Technical specifications The role of the hard drive The hard drive is the component which is used to permanently store data, as opposed to RAM, which is erased ... Read more

    Computer
    November 7, 2012 at 09:23 AM
  • Quality Organization

    Quality Organization Establishing a quality procedure is a comprehensive business project that requires the participation of all employees. Therefore, it is necessary to define a "quality organization" that fits into and hinges on the ... Read more

    Quality
    November 12, 2012 at 03:20 PM
  • Linking two PCs with a null modem cable

    Linking two computers without network cards The best way to link two computers is to use an RJ45 cable to connect the machines' network cards. However, when one or both of the computers has no network card, there is still a fairly easy way ... Read more

    Cables and connectors
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • Network equipment - The hub

    What is a hub? A hub is an element of hardware for centralising network traffic coming from multiple hosts, and to propagate the signal. The hub has a certain number of ports (it has enough ports to link machines to one another, usually 4, ... Read more

    Local Area Network
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • FTP commands

    The FTP protocol FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is a protocol — meaning a standard language that lets two machines communicate — used so that computers of different types (or with different operating systems) can transfer files over a ... Read more

    Networking tools
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • The GSM standard

    Introduction to the GSM standard The GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) network is, at the start of the 21st century, the most commonly used mobile telephony standard in Europe. It is a so-called "second generation" (2G) ... Read more

    Mobile phones
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • autorun - autorun.exe

    autorun - autorun.exe The process autorun.exe (autorun) is a generic Windows 98/NT/Me/2000/XP process which automatically runs a program from a CD-ROM when the CD is inserted in the disk drive. The process autorun is not in any way a virus ... Read more

    Windows processes
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • Data compression

    Why compress data? Nowadays, the computing power of processors increases more quickly than storage capacities, and is much faster than network band-widths, because this requires enormous changes in the telecommunication infrastructures. ... Read more

    Video
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM
  • The Windows User Interface

    The Taskbar The Windows 9x user interface (9x refers to Windows 95 and Windows 98 together) is characterised by a bar at the bottom of your screen (it may be moved to another edge by left-mouse-clicking on it and dragging it to the desired ... Read more

    Windows
    October 16, 2008 at 09:43 AM