Network architecture refers to the layout of the network, consisting of the hardware, software, connectivity, communication protocols and mode of transmission, such as wired or wireless. Know about the types of network classified according to the areas covered such as LAN, MAN and WAN. Learn about the network topologies categorized according to the layout of equipments and computers such as star, loop, bus, or mesh topologies. There are many communication protocols used in the networking technology. It is important to know about the network architecture as networks play a very important role in today's world.
Network architecture, is the logical and structural layout of the network consisting of transmission equipment, software and communication protocols and infrastructure (wired or wireless) transmission of data and connectivity between components.
There are 4 different network topologies: star network, a bus or line network, a loop or ring network, and a mesh network.
Types of networks
The different topologies can be arranged in different ways described as LAN (Local Area Network), MAN (Metropolitan Area Network) and WAN (Wide Area Network) where the network extends over a local area (<1 km), metropolitan (<100 km) and long distance.