LaTeX - Text formatting

September 2017


Text Style


The following commands allow you to change the text style:


\textbf{text} write text in bold.

\textit{text} write text in italics.

\textsc{text} set text in small caps.

\textrm{text} use the Roman font

\textsf{text} use the Sans serif font

Font size


LaTeX also has commands to change the size of the characters, that is to say the font size:
  • \tiny
  • \scriptsize
  • \footnotesize
  • \small
  • \normalsize
  • \large
  • \Large
  • \LARGE
  • \huge
  • \Huge

Layout


It is also possible to force the layout of the document using line breaks, page breaks and spacing commands:

Example:

\newpage allows you to start a new page
\hspace{size} add an horizontal space
\vspace{size} add a vertical space

Where size can be expressed in mm or cm.

Note that: The space created can be a compressed by LaTeX to fit in the overall layout. It you don't want LaTex to compress the empty space, add an asterisk to the command:

\vspace*{7mm}

Text presentation


The presentation of the text can also be enhanced through the itemize, enumerate and description environments. The following examples demonstrate their use:

The above code gives the following result:

Text Color


It is possible to assign a color to the text using the color (\usepackage{color}) environment.
  • \textcolor{color}{text} assign a specific color to text.
  • \colorbox{color}{text} displays text on a colored background.
  • \fcolorbox{color of border}{background color}{text} creates a frame around the colored background.
  • \pagecolor{color} assigns a background color to the page.


LaTeX offers eight preset colors:
  • black
  • white
  • red
  • green
  • blue
  • cyan
  • magenta
  • yellow


New colors can be set using the following commands:
  • \definecolor{name of new color}{rgb}{red value, green value, blue value} 
  • \definecolor{cmyk}{cyan, magenta, yellow, black}) :



Examples of colors:

\definecolor{rltred}{rgb}{0.75,0,0}
\definecolor{rltgreen}{rgb}{0,0.5,0}
\definecolor{oneblue}{rgb}{0,0,0.75}
\definecolor{brown}{rgb}{0.64,0.16,0.16}
\definecolor{forestgreen}{rgb}{0.13,0.54,0.13}
\definecolor{purple}{rgb}{0.62,0.12,0.94}
\definecolor{dockerblue}{rgb}{0.11,0.56,0.98}
\definecolor{freeblue}{rgb}{0.25,0.41,0.88}
\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0,0.2,0.4}




Original document published on CommentcaMarche.net

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Published by deri58. Latest update on April 15, 2013 at 09:03 AM by deri58.
This document, titled "LaTeX - Text formatting," is available under the Creative Commons license. Any copy, reuse, or modification of the content should be sufficiently credited to CCM (ccm.net).