Here below you will get a brief descriptionof the command Prompt used in Windows XP and 2000.
Note that most of these commannds can be used under Vista or 7:
Start>Search>type command and press enter to execute the command.
APPEND: Allows applications to open files in directories as if they were in the current directory.
ARP: Displays and modifies tables related to the mapping of IP address/physical protocol used by the address resolution (ARP).
ASSOC: Displays or modifies applications associated with file extensions.
AT: Schedules the execution of commands or programs on a computer.
ATTRIB: Displays or changes the attributes of a file.
BREAK: Enables or disables the extended control of CTRL + C.
CACLS: Displays or modifies the list of access controls to files.
CALL: Calls a batch file from another batch file.
CD: modifies directory or displays the current directory.
CHCP: Changes the active code page or display it's number.
CHDIR: Changes directory or displays the name of the current directory.
CHKDSK: Checks a disk and displays a record of it's state.
CHKNTFS: Check out if a volume is FAT, FAT32 or NTFS.
CIPHER: Displays or alters the encryption of directories [files] on NTFS partitions.
CLS: Clears the screen.
CMD: Starts a new instance of the shell of Windows 2000.
COLOR: Changes the color of the foreground and the background of the console.
COMP: Compares the contents of two files or filegroups.
COMPACT: Modifies or displays the compression of files on an NTFS partition.
CONVERT: Converts FAT volumes to NTFS volumes. You can not convert the drive in use.
COPY: Copy one or more files.
DATE: Displays or changes the date.
DEL: Deletes one or more files.
DIR: Displays a list of files and subdirectories in a directory.
DISKCOMP: Compares contents of two floppy disks.
DISKCOPY: Copy the contents of one disk to another.
DISKPERF: Enables or disables performance counters disk.
DNSCMD: Create a new DNS zone.
DOSKEY: Amendment ofcommand lines, recalls Windows 2000 commands, and creates macros.
ECHO: Displays messages on the screen and enables / disables the display of commands.
ENDLOCAL: Stops the localization of environment changes in a batch file.
ERASE: Deletes one or more files.
EVENTCREATE: Allows an administrator to create a message identifier and a custom event in a specified event log in Windows XP.
EVENTTRIGGERS: Allows an administrator to view and configure the "trigger events" on local or remote computers running Windows XP.
EXIT: Quits the command shell (CMD.EXE).
EXPAND: Uncompress one or more compressed files.
FC: Compares two files or groups of files, and displays the differences between them.
FIND: Searches for a string in one or more files.
FINDSTR: Seeking strings in one or more files.
FOR: Runs a command on each file in a filegroup.
FORMAT: Formats a disk for use with Windows 2000.
FTP: Transfer files to and from a computer running an FTP Service
FTYPE: Displays or modifies file types used in the extension associations.
GOTO: Continues execution of a batch file up to a line identified by a label.
GRAFTABL: Enables Windows 2000 to display a character set in graphics mode.
HELP: Displays information about commands in Windows 2000.
HOSTNAME: Displays the name of the computer assets. Hostname is only available if TCP/IP has been installed.
IF: Performs conditional processing in a batch file. :
IPCONFIG: Displays the IP configuration of Windows 2000. Cmd/k ipconfig can be used from Run tab.
IPV6:Enable on an IPv6 network, only works with Windows XP.
JVIEW: Command Line loader for Java.
LABEL: Creates, modifies or deletes the volume label of a disk.
MAKECAB: Creates file .CAB
MD: Creates a directory.
MEM: Displays the amount of memory used and free on your system.
MKDIR: Creates a directory.
MODE: Configures a system device.
MORE: Displays output screen by screen.
MOUNTVOL: Creates, deletes, or displays information to a mountpoint volume.
MOVE: Moves one or more files from one directory to another
NBTSTAT: Displays protocol statistics and TCP/IP using existing NBT (NetBIOS over TCP/IP)
NET: allows you to place commands on the network. Use NET HELP to display all available commands.
NET SEND: [Computer message] Sends a message to a computer.
NET START: [service] Start a service.
NETSH: Open NetShell
NETSTAT: Displays statistics and active connections. Netstat is only available if TCP/IP has been installed.
NLSFUNC: load configuration information specific to a country.
NSLOOKUP: Displays information about DNS. Before using this tool, you need to know how DNS works. NSLOOKUP is only available if TCP/IP has been installed. After entering NSLOOKUP, after the> type? for details of the command.
PATH: Displays or sets the search path for executable files.
PATHPING: trace tool that combines the features of Ping and Tracert with additional information that neither of these 2 commands does.
PAUSE: Pauses the execution of a batch file and displays a message.
PENTNT: Emphasizes the presence for the local computer floating-point division error of the Intel Pentium processor.
PING: Displays connection information of another machine.
POPD: Restores the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD.
PRINT: Prints a text file.
PROMPT: Change the command prompt for Windows 2000.
PUSHD: Saves the current directory then changes it.
RCP: copy files to and from the computer running the RCP service.
RD: Removes a directory.
RECOVER: Recovers readable information from a failed disk.
REG: Registry Tool for Windows console, you can add, edit, delete, etc.. keys.
REM: Insert a comment in a batch file or CONFIG.SYS.
REN: Renames one file or multiple files.
RENAME: Renames a file or multiplefiles.
REPLACE: Replaces files.
REXEC: Executes commands on remote hosts running the REXEC service. Rexec authenticates the user on the remote host before executing the specified command.
RMDIR: Removes a directory.
ROAD: Manipulates the routing tables of the network.
RSH: Executes commands on remote hosts running the RSH service.
SCHTASKS: (Windows XP) Allows an administrator to create, delete, query, edit, run and end scheduled tasks on a local or remote system.
SET: Displays,defines or removes environment variables Windows 2000.
SETLOCAL: Begins localization of environment changes in a batch file.
SETVER: Defines the version number that MS-DOS provides to a program.
SFC: Checks protected system files (PSF) and replaces the incorrect file versions with the correct values.
SHIFT: Changes the position of replaceable parameters in a batch file.
SORT: Sorts the input elements.
START: Starts a window for the program or command.
SUBST: Assign a drive letter to a path.
SYSTEMINFO: Allows the administrator to display the basic information of the system under Windows XP Professional.
TASKKILL: Allows Windows XP to terminate one or more tasks or processes.
TFTP: Transfer files to and from a remote computer running the TFTP service.
TIME: Displays or sets the time the system clock.
TITLE: Sets the window title for a CMD.EXE session.
TREE: graphically represents the tree of a drive or path.
TYPE: Displays the contents of a text file.
TYPEDERF: write performance data to the command line or to a log file compatible with System Monitor (under XP).
VER: Displays the version number of Windows 2000.
VERIFY: Tells Windows 2000 whether to verify that the files are written correctly on a given disk.
VOL: Displays the name and serial number of the volume.