Launching a program in low CPU and disk I/O priority

October 2016


Sometimes it happens that you want to laubnch some heavy operations in the background without slowing down other software. For example:
Copying files
Indexing (updatedb).

In this situation nice and ionice can be used.
  • nice allows you to reduce the priority of a process on the CPU
  • ionice reduces the priority of a process on disk access.

Launching a program

ionice -c3 nice -n15 myprogram

The program launched will use CPU and disk resources only when no other program is making use of it.

In a shell script

Place at the beginning of your shell script:

ionice -c3 -p$$
renice +15 -p $$

The shell will have its priority reduced (and this will be applicable for all programs launched within this shell).

This is useful in the scripts launched in /etc/cron.

You can add these lines to your script: /etc/cron.daily/slocate


nice and renice can be used by everyone.
ionice with -c3 can be used only by root.

Related :

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