Operating Systems - Windows - Tips and Tricks - Organising Files

Adding items to the Start menu

You can add shortcuts to files or folders in the Start menu by going to "Start/Settings/Taskbar and Start Menu/Advanced" (or by going to "c:\windows\start"). Windows 98 even lets you drag a program to the Start menu and place it wherever you want, and this automatically creates a shortcut.
This action won't work if you try to create a shortcut to elements like the Recycling Bin or the Control Panel. However, all you need to do is rename the directories you create as follows:

  • Control Panel. {21EC2020-3AEA-1069-A2DD-08002B30309D}
  • Printers.{2227A280-3AEA-1069-A2DE-08002B30309D}  
  • Recycle Bin. {645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E}  
  • Dial-up networking. {992CFFA0-F557-101A-88EC-00DD010CCC48}
  • Briefcase. {85BBD920-42A0-1069-A2E4-08002B30309D}
  • Exchange. {00020D75-0000-0000-C000-000000000046}   (Microsoft Exchange)
  • History. {FF393560-C2A7-11CF-BFF4-444553540000} (Pages visited on the Internet)

Restore the original Start menu

If you make a mistake, or if you want to recreate the original Start menu that existed when Windows was installed, just run (Start/Run) the command:

Deleting items from the Start menu

Open Regedit and go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer. You can set options by putting the following character strings after 01:

  • Noclose: Stops Windows from shutting down
  • Nodesktop: Deletes the Desktop icons
  • Nofind: Removes the "Search" option from the Start menu
  • Norun: Removes the "Run" option from the Start menu
  • NoSetTaskBar: Disables Taskbar settings
  • NoStartBanner: Removes the start banner ("Click here to begin") from the Taskbar
  • NoStartMenuSubFolders: Deactivates the Start menu's subfolders
  • NosaveSettings: Stops settings from being saved when Windows is shut down

Settings in the msdos.sys file

The c:\msdos.sys file lets you configure some settings related to loading Windows. It is a text file containing lines of the format:
Which allows start options to be defined in a binary manner (i.e. on or off)

This is a read-only system file, so caution must be exercised when changing these files' attributes.

It is risky to edit this file, so it is best to save a backup copy and have a boot disk ready just in case.

There are several line-delimited sections in this file:
  • Section [Paths]
    • HostWinBootDrv= : Indicates the boot drive
    • WinBootDir= : Designates the folder which contains the files needed for Windows to boot.
    • WinDir= : Shows which drive Windows has been installed in
  • Section [Options]
    • BootDelay= : Shows the period of time (in seconds) during which the F8 or F5 key may be pressed while Windows 95 is booting (the default value is 2)
    • BootFailSafe= : Lets you always boot in Safe mode (0 for normal mode (default), 1 for safe mode).
    • BootGUI= : 1 boots the graphical user interface (called Windows), 0 boots command-line mode (Called DOS).
    • BootKeys= : Allows Function keys (F5, F6 and F8) to be disabled during startup (0 disables them (the BootDelay option then becomes moot), 1 enables them).
    • BootMenu= : Enables the Startup menu (equivalent to pressing F8). The default value is 0.
    • BootMenuDefault= : Shows the chosen default Start menu (3 normally, 4 for a computer on a network).
    • BootMenuDelay= : Number of seconds during which the Windows start menu is displayed (30 seconds by default).
    • BootMulti= : Enables multiboot (default 0 indicates that multi-boot is deactivated; 1 activates it).
    • BootWin= : When 0 is shown, lets you boot an older version of DOS (if Windows is installed on top of it).
    • DblSpace= : The (default) value 1 loads the driver dblspace.bin.
    • DoubleBuffer= : The value 1 enables double-buffering for SCSI controllers. The default value is 0.
    • DrvSpace= : The (default) value 1 loads the driver dblspace.bin.
    • LoadTop= : Allows command.com and/or drvspace.bin to be loaded in top memory.
    • Logo= : The value 0 deactivates the animated Windows start-up logo.
    • Network= : Enables booting in Safe mode with network support.
Ask a question
CCM is a leading international tech website. Our content is written in collaboration with IT experts, under the direction of Jean-François Pillou, founder of CCM.net. CCM reaches more than 50 million unique visitors per month and is available in 11 languages.
This document, titled « Operating Systems - Windows - Tips and Tricks - Organising Files », is available under the Creative Commons license. Any copy, reuse, or modification of the content should be sufficiently credited to CCM (ccm.net).

Subscribe To Our Newsletter!

The Best of CCM in Your Inbox

Subscribe To Our Newsletter!