Here are the key controls for managing disks & partitions on Linux
- mount: Displays the list of mounted filesystems
- mount device dir: Mounts a file system (from a peripheral device) on a directory
- mount-t msdos device dir: Mount a DOS partition
- df: Displays the space used/free on the mounted file systems.
- -h stand for sizes in KB
- -h (Linux & BSD) stand for the most significant sizes of the unit
- fdisk device: Changing the partition (MBR)
- pdisk device: Changing the partitioning (Apple Partition Map -> Mac OS X & BSD)
- disklabel device: Changing the partitioning (for BSD disklabel)
- newfs device: Formatting a partition
- mkfs device: Formatting a partition
- /etc/fstab: Correspondence between devices and mount points and the mounting options,
Note that: /etc/fstab
is also used to auto mount partition at startup.