What Should Your Car Toolbox Have to Avoid Fines?

What Should Your Car Toolbox Have to Avoid Fines?

Not having the right prevention and safety equipment in your car can lead to a fine amounting to half the minimum wage in many countries. To stay compliant, ensure your vehicle has all the necessary items listed below.

What Is the Essential Car Equipment?

Many drivers wonder what equipment is mandatory for their vehicles. While some items are optional, there is a minimum list of nine must-have items. Here's what you need:

  1. Jack: A tool capable of lifting your vehicle.
  2. Crosshead: Essential for tire changes.
  3. Two Reflective Triangles: Road signs in a triangle shape made of reflective material, equipped with supports for vertical placement or yellow flashing light signal lamps.
  4. First Aid Kit: Basic medical supplies for emergencies.
  5. Fire Extinguisher: To tackle small fires.
  6. Wheel Blocks: Two blocks to secure the vehicle when parked or during tire changes.
  7. Basic Toolbox: Must include at least:
  • Pliers
  • Screwdrivers (both flathead and Phillips recommended)
  • Expansion wrench
  • Open-end wrenches

8. Spare Tire: Always have a fully functional spare tire.

9. Flashlight: Useful for nighttime repairs or emergencies.


While the law specifies screwdrivers, it doesn't detail the types. It's advisable to carry both a flathead and a Phillips screwdriver. Similarly, the first aid kit should include gauze, latex gloves, bandages, cotton, band-aids, micropore tape, and water, ensuring you're prepared for minor injuries.

​​​​Penalties for Non-Compliance

If your car lacks one or more of these items, you could face a fine, which is different depending on the country you live in, and the state (if you live in the US). However, acknowledging the infraction can reduce the penalty. By taking a road safety course offered by local traffic authorities, you can receive up to a 50% discount on the fine, provided you meet the deadline for the course.

Keeping your car equipped with the necessary prevention and safety tools is not just about avoiding fines—it's about ensuring your safety and the safety of others on the road. We advise you to regularly check that all items are present and in good working condition. This preparation can make a significant difference in emergencies and help you handle roadside issues efficiently.