So, are you asking about conditional formatting, or how to nest different logic statements?
With your example, it looks like you can do the conditional formatting.
You can have a list of lets say 10+ different logic tests to return a true with Conditional formatting. Just stack the logic from least to most significant. In other words, every single logic test can make a formatting change to the cell! It is the last "True" logic test that wins!
It's kind of fun to do the impossible! -Walter Elias Disney