Operating Systems - MS-DOS - Commands

MS-DOS (Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an OS for x86-based personal computers. After having been the head OS for IBM PC compatible computers in the 1980s, it was gradually replaced by operating systems with a graphical user interface. Today, there are many MS DOS games available online for retro games fans.

The MS DOS logo is the following:


Here is a list of the most common MS-DOS commands:

Command Description
dirlists the contents of a folder
cdchanges folder
cd ..parent folder
clsclears the window
md or mkdircreates a new folder
deltreedeletes a folder and all sub-folders
copy, xcopycopies a file
callcalls one batch program file from another
chkdskchecks a disk and displays a status report.
chkntfsdisplays or modifies the checking of disk at startup.
assocdisplays or modifies filename extension associations.
movemoves a file
deldeletes a file
typedisplays the contents of a file
moredisplays file contents page by page, pausing after each page
help help for the given command
printprints the given file
notepadruns the Windows Notepad text editor
attrib (-/+r, -/+a, -/+s, -/+h)changes a file's attributes (- deactivates, + activates, r: read-only, a: archive, s: systeme, h: hidden file)
formatformats the given drive
labelassigns a drive name to a drive
vergives the version number
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