The issue (problem) is still unsolve since it says " two-step security is required since you’ve asked us to require a 6-digit login code when anyone tries to access your account from a new device or browser."
Ill cut to the chase: If you no longer have the phone number, and you didn't register an ALTERNATE EMAIL address, then there is nothing anyone can do to validate (click on the previous link, and select wrong number, then enter your recovery email) you are who you say you are!
We understand that this is too late in this circumstance, but always create IMPORTANT accounts, such as email, and lesser important accounts, such as social media, on a landline workstation. A landline workstation can be laptop on wifi, or a desktop on wifi for that matter. The important thing; the account is created from a WIRED, NON-cellular network.
The provider can offer many ways to recover your account, if you create it in this manner. Always attach a recover email, such as a work, or another email that you will not forget the username and password to (because it SO important)!
After you have attached another email address in case of forgetfulness, now you can attach a mobile device to the account. Now, if you lose, break, or stop having access to your mobile device (non-payment of services), you can still recover your account!