Could you tell me the hard drive model? Trying to uninstall the device from Device Manager was a good decision. Did you get an error message while trying to do it? Could you please open Disk Management and tell me if the drive is recognized? Check if it has a drive letter and a correct file format. Have you tried using another cable?
Since using Linux was not helpful, you should try some data recovery software. Your drive should be under warranty, so I would call the reseller and discuss the problem.
Hope this helps