Yes, you can use Instagram Insights to see your demographics including gender, age group and location. Note: To see this data you need at least 100 followers.
To find this information, from the Insights homepage, open the 'Audience' tab.
Scroll down and you will see the 'Top Locations' section which shows the most popular towns/cities of your followers.
Selecting 'countries' will show you more globally where your followers are based.
Content Editor and Community Manager - CCM.net