Nowadays, it is essential to protect your personal information. It is often leaked to advertisers, who send you unnecessary ads and spam but even worse than that, it could also be leaked to hackers. This is far more dangerous for your personal security and confidentiality as well as for your computer safety. In this article, we will guide you through the best precautionary measures to protect your data.
The issue of cybersecurity on the Web worries many people. In the digital era, it's becoming increasingly difficult to keep your information confidential since everything is stored on cloud servers. Different companies and organisations keep information about our purchases, movements, personal calls, and correspondence to sell it to advertisers.
If your computer, phone, or tablet is poorly protected, then your personal data can be easily stolen by hackers. This in turn, leads to other problems: fraud, illegal operations, blackmailing, as well as severe damage to the device’s operating system and loss of important information. Below, you will find several effective ways to protect your data as much as possible.
Reliable antivirus software is the foundation of your cybersecurity. Install a proven antivirus program to protect yourself from any malware, such as phishing, suspicious programs, spyware, or data fraud. You can try one of the free antivirus software, described in this article.
Two-factor authentication is a two-step process when you have to prove your identity to gain access. It adds an extra layer of protection both for you and the software or website that you want to access. Usually, when entering your email or social network, you need to sign in with your login and password. With two-factor authentication, the system can send a one-time confirmation code to your mobile device or ask you a secret question. Some services might become suspicious if you regularly log-in from one part of the world and then suddenly, from the opposite side. This way, you will have to confirm that it’s your identity (if it's you) by submitting a code or other security information.
Since our mailbox is usually most frequently targeted by hackers by stealing information or sending virus links to your acquaintances, we recommend you protect it with two-factor authentication. You can manage your password, and secret information asked when logging-in in security settings for Outlook, Google, Yahoo! and other email services.
Always make a back-up of your essential files and folders, so they are not lost in case of system corruption or infection by hackers. Use USB sticks, external hard drives, cloud storage systems to save some important files in more than one place.
Encryption prevents any stolen data to be opened, used, or exposed if, for example, someone has stolen your computer. You can encrypt your entire hard drive on Mac or PC in security settings. For PC go to Settings > System > About and scroll down to Device Encryption. For Mac go to System Preferences > Security & Privacy > FileVault and turn it on. If your PC doesn’t support Device encryption you can download Bitlocker or VeraCrypt software to encrypt your data.
In order to restrict access to important or confidential files and folders, you can password-protect them. However, you should always save a file containing the passwords in use, for example, in an Excel sheet or a password manager, so that you don't forget them.
You can password-protect your documents in Word following the following steps. After creating the Word document, click on Tools and select Protect document. In the field labeled Password to open and Password to modify, enter passwords of your choice. If you’d like to remove your personal information from this file, checkmark the Privacy tab.