In addition to serving as a host, a LAN (or local area network) also gives users a certain amount of control over the PCs that are connected to a network. Included in this is the ability to turn a computer on or off from a remote location. This article will explain how to use the Shutdown command to turn off a computer remotely as well as how to use the WakeOnLan standard to wake or boot a PC.
Remotely Shutdown a Computer on a LAN
In order to control a computer remotely, please note that you must be connected to the same local network as the target PC. You must also know the username and password required for login.
The first step is to open TCP port 445 on the target computer. To do this, open your Start
menu and then go to Settings
> Control Panel
> Security Center
Open Windows Firewall
and click the Exceptions
Select the line that reads File Sharing and printers
and press OK
. If this line is missing, click Add Port
and choose TCP port 445
Next, head to Start
> Control Panel
. Select the Remote
tab and check the option that reads Allow users to connect remotely to this computer
It is now time to open the command prompt.
Head to Start/Run
or use the keyboard shortcut Windows
. Next, type cmd
and then hit OK
. This will open your command prompt.
To obtain the necessary rights to run a shutdown
command on the target machine, you must first run the net use
command. Use the Windows
keyboard shortcut and then enter net use \\ip_address_of_target_machine
. Enter an administrator username and password for the target computer to connect to the target PC.
Once connected to the target PC, we can run the shutdown command. An example of the command is given below, whereby instructions are given for the target computer to close all active applications and shutdown after 30 seconds of inactivity. Please note that you can substitute any of the variables according to your network or PC specifics:
shutdown -s -f -t 30 - m \\192.168.3.4
: Shutdown the PC
: Force active applications to close without warning
: Set a countdown in seconds
: The IP address of the target computer
The GUI is available by typing shutdown -i
For any additional information about this command, type shutdown /?
The WakeOnLAN Command
, as the name already suggests, is a tool that can boot or wake a computer by sending a Magic Packet
to the network adapter of the target computer. It is important to note that not all network cards and BIOS are compatible with, or support, the use of Magic Packet
In order to use the WakeOnLAN command, you must be connected to the same local area network (LAN) as the target computer. Knowledge of the physical location (MAC) and IP address of the target computer is also required.
Retrieve IP and MAC Address
The first step is to retrieve the IP address and MAC address of the target computer. To do this, go to Start/Run
or use the keyboard shortcutWindows
and type cmd
The command prompt will open. Now type ipconfig /all
Copy the IP and physical (MAC) address of the target PC.
It's now time to check if your network card is compatible with Magic Packets. To do this, right-click on My Computer
and click Manage
. Next, go to Device Manager/Network Cards
and do a right-click on your Network Card
. Then click Properties
Do a search for the following words and verify that all options that relate to them are currently active: Magic Packet
, Wake On Magic Packet
, Wake On Lan
, or Wake
. If none of these words appear, you may be required to update the drivers for your Network Card.
To see if your computer is BIOS compatible, enter the BIOS when you start the computer. You can do this by pressing ESC
(depending on your system).
Once in the BIOS, go Power Options
and enable Wake-On-LAN
, or any similar option:
Open Port 8900
You can open Port 8900
in the same way as you would Port 445
Wake On LAN (WOL)
Start by downloading the Symantec WOL
tool on the source computer. Launch the tool and then fill in the empty fields using the information gathered above.
: MAC address (the target machine)
: Local IP address (target machine)
: Local Subnet
Remote Port Number
Click the button
: Wake Me Up
Once the packet has been received, the target computer will boot:
Boot Your PC From the Internet
In theory, it is possible to boot a remote PC from the internet. You will need configure your router to redirect a UDP
packet to a specific port on all the network computers.
By sending the magic packets to your public IP address (on the correct port), you will be able to individually boot computers on your local network.
Boot Your PC Using Your Phone
If you want to wake up your computer while you are not at home using your phone, you will need an external PSTN
modem (using the RS 232
serial port). Connect the modem to your computer and enable the option in your BIOS. From there, you can connect the modem to IP phone line from your router.